Illinois Fertilizer & Chemical Association
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Agriculture and Climate Change: Taking the Best of all Farming Systems Could Tip the Carbon Scale in the Right Direction

Agriculture contributes a significant portion of the world’s climate-changing greenhouse gases. In turn, changes in climate will reduce agricultural yields and make farming harder, just as increasing worldwide populations put pressure on the industry to produce more food.
There are basically two ways to reduce agriculture’s impact on climate: decrease the sources of carbon, or increase the sinking of carbon (plants sequestering key compounds). New varieties of plants and animals will have to tolerate abiotic stresses like drought, salt and temperature increases, while at the same time improving yields and nutrition.
Part one of this series looked at the impacts of climate change on agriculture (and vice versa). The second and final Part will look at different technologies’ contribution to resolving agriculture’s impact.
Genetic modifications (including transgenics and gene editing) are contributing research at the least toward this goal, but some conventional farming, “agroecology,” “regenerative ag” and even organic projects are in the works as well.
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